Dear No-Rosion Customer,
I am sure this letter finds you and your cars raring to go, after an unmercifully long and brutal winter this year!
In last falls newsletter, I also promised to address the issue of cooling system electrolysis this Spring. I receive more questions on this topic than any other, as it can be a very damaging and difficult problem.
There are two types of electrolysis that generally occur in automotive cooling systems:
1) Galvanic Action: Electrolysis between dissimilar metals, in which coolant acts as an electrolyte. This is usually less than 0.3 volt (300 mV).
2) Stray Current: Electrolysis from an improperly grounded under hood electrical component or shorted wire. This is almost always greater than 0.3 volt (300 mV).
With galvanic action, coolant acts as an electrolyte that is in contact with the different metals in a cooling system: iron, aluminum, copper, brass, etc. Each metal has a unique electronegativity, which is a measure of its ability to attract electrons. Metals with higher electronegativities strip electrons from neighboring metals with lower electronegativities, producing a small electrical current that is transferred via the coolant, which acts as an electrolyte. Stripping of electrons from the surfaces of metals with lower electronegativity (i.e. aluminum) causes damage that, over time, becomes deep enough to result in a leak. Depending on the thickness of a metal, it can take months or years before enough damage occurs to produce a leak. But sooner or later, it WILL happen.
Stray current electrolysis is much more immediately destructive. It is caused by electrical components that conduct well over 300 mV through the cooling system - the source of which is usually a faulty ground or shorted wire. The damage it causes takes place over a much shorter period, in some cases only WEEKS.
Is it possible to identify which type is taking place in your cooling system? YES! Using a volt ohm meter, connect the black (ground) lead to the battery ground, and lower the red (positive) lead into the coolant. A reading over 300 mV indicates stray current, whereas less than 300 mV is galvanic action. If you have a reading close to 300 mV, take readings both with and without the engine running. If the reading increases when you start the engine, it is stray current. If it is unaffected by starting the engine, it is galvanic action.
How can you prevent electrolysis? With stray current, you need to identify the source and eliminate it. Sometimes that is easier said than done. But usually some sleuthing will produce the culprit. With galvanic action, it is simple. Just use No-Rosion as directed. The molybdate ingredient in our product forms molecular-thick surface films that prevent the transfer of electrons from cooling system metals, yet are thin enough to have no negative effects on heat transfer.
How do we know it works? Through years of pioneering research, and hands-on experience. The ASTM has not established any laboratory test regimen for this type of research, so we created our own. Using test voltage of 150 mV, our research indicates a 66% reduction in metal weight loss due to galvanic action electrolysis using No-Rosion in a 50/50 mix, and an 87% reduction using No-Rosion in straight water coolant.
Sometimes you can even SEE it working. How? We have had customers report a drop in readings on their voltmeter after adding No-Rosion to their cooling system. It is not always reproduceable, and varies based on a number of factors to include system metallurgy. But it can, and does, happen in some systems.
What is a sacrificial anode, and does it help? It is a metal of low electronegativity, usually zinc, that is inserted into a cooling system so it can sacrificially contribute electrons in order to protect other metals of relatively low electronegativity. And yes, it does work. But the problem is that the protection it provides is very localized. Usually within only 6-8 inches of the anode. So it will not provide protection to the entire system, as does No-Rosion.
This year, Applied Chemical Specialties celebrates 15 years of service with our high quality No-Rosion products. It is only because of loyal customers like you that we have had the honor and joy of getting to do what we love to do. So we celebrate by thanking YOU with a special offer: a 15% discount on all orders of Four-Packs placed before 7/1/2010. To receive it, write 15% for 15 on your order form. If you order online, type 15% for 15 in the COMMENTS box that appears just above the PROCESS ORDER button on the final order screen.
Please find the enclosed order form that can be used to replenish your supply of No-Rosion. Or, you can order online using our secure web site at: www.No-Rosion.com. Remember, the protection it provides is depleted over time, so you need to add it annually. And as always, please contact me if I can answer any questions. My direct line is (847) 477-9262, and my email is: Norosion@aol.com. Have fun this summer!
Applied Chemical Specialties, Inc.
Copyright 2012 Applied Chemical Specialties, Inc.